How relevant is the influence of the artistic process in the present methods of production space in the social context of instability, uncertainty, complexity and uncertainty? What is the potential to offer speculation regarding the identification of new space-related complex issues and to develop an aesthetic - sustainable use of it?
Speculations (from the Latin speculari = observe)1 are referred to colloquial assertions that lack a rational basis. In philosophy, it is regarded as a way of thinking, in which initial questions are asked, but which cannot be answered by logical means.
Alfred North Whitehead considers speculation as a way to achieve progress in thinking.
"It is essential to speculation that it goes beyond the immediate given facts. Its task is to lead creative thinking to the future, and it accomplishes this mission through the beholding of ideas that comprise the observable "2.
He called for a clear reference to the observable and bind to the findings of science.
His so-called "process philosophy" is one of several philosophical theories that could be used as a starting point to work on the epistemological disambiguation of speculation.
So, what are the values and potential applications of speculative, intuitive and artistic methods in planning and design disciplines?
Especially in the context of unpredictable and constantly changing conditions do applications of speculative design methods, e.g. in the development of scenarios, offer a much better assessment of scope for action and strategies? Especially in disciplines of architecture, but mainly the urban design and city planning, does this enable the acceleration of decision-making processes that would be the integration over time to the investigating empirical results often take longer claim - speculation as a shortcut in the planning process?
How can be intuitive, responsible decisions based on speculation find legitimation within society, which risks are associated with its use? To what extent can individual speculative design approaches be applied in a collaboratively negotiable context, when depending on increasing complexity, scale and importance of a planning/design issue for society the pressure rises to justify the application more intuitive, speculative design methods?
These and other questions could be studied and discussed based on selected projects and texts.
1. a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence
2. a hypothesis that has been formed by speculating or conjecturing (usually with little hard evidence)
3. an investment that is very risky but could yield great profits
4. continuous and profound contemplation or musing on a subject or series of subjects of a deep or abstruse nature
Whitehead , Alfred North: Process and Reality: An Essay in Cosmology. [Macmillan, New York 1929] korrigierte Ausgabe, hrsg. von David Ray Griffin und Donald W. Sherburne, The Free Press, New York 1979, dt. Prozeß und Realität: Entwurf einer Kosmologie, Suhrkamp, Frankfurt 1987
Suggested other classes:
The city and the political